18 Oct Socialisation in Early Childhood – Biological, psychological, linguistic, sociological and economic perspectives
National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech) 2014
Creating conditions that best foster the development of each individual’s potential to the fullest is a fundamental socio-political objective. Not least because this approach
ensures that a society as a whole is best able to achieve its own potential.
Debating the details of these conditions is a matter of societal, political, as well as scientific debates. One recurrent topic of public discussions has been the role of genetic
influences and the significance of the environment in early stages of human development. Another issue moving to the center of attention of German politics and society in recent years has been the question of childcare and early education.
This position statement brings together extensive research on early childhood from multiple disciplines, condensing it into an intelligible form and highlighting the conclusions that may be drawn from it.
Taking this body of interdisciplinary research as a starting-point, this position statement outlines socialisation in early childhood and confirms the immense significance
of this period and the developments completed within it for later life, while vividly illustrating interactions between genetic predispositions and environmental experience.