Demography, Education, Training, Employment

01 Déc Generation Equation

Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering (IVA)
2021
What motivates young people to want to learn? What kind of knowledge creates meaning - both for the individual and for building a sustainable and democratic society? With Generation Equation we aim to investigate Swedish students' attitudes towards knowledge and learning, with a particular focus on science, mathematics and reading. Generation Equation is produced by IVA's Future Knowledge Society project, whose vision is a society where knowledge empowers people to build a better world for all. The report is based on both international and Swedish studies. It is divided into three main chapters: how enjoyable or interesting young people perceive learning to be; how they perceive their own abilities and situation, for example in relation to self-confidence and stress; and how they see the benefits of what they learn for the future. IVA concludes by identifying several themes and challenges where IVA finds a need for future discussion. One example is whether a broader perspective on possible educational and career paths for young people can be mobilised, in the light of society's major common challenges and rapid developments. The report is available in Swedish.
Read More

05 Oct Understanding COVID-19. Report of the COVID-19 Advisory Team at the President of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN)
2020

A report delivered by a team of scientists, working under the supervision of Prof. Jerzy Duszyński, president of the Academy, presents the current state of knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 virus, COVID-19 disease and its medical, psychological, economic and social impacts. In an accessible manner, this document provides forecasts of the COVID-19 epidemic for the upcoming winter season and recommendations for citizens and institutions. The publication includes information about the course of the disease and treatment, phases of pandemic development and its implications for human health. The study provides verified information on prevention and presents current works on coronavirus vaccines. Among other topics covered are preparations for a winter COVID-19 peak, including the opening of educational institutions, and the risk of co-infection.

Read More

01 Fév Sourcebook of Challenges facing Tertiary Education in Ireland in the coming decade

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2020
The contents of this version of the Sourcebook of Challenges facing Tertiary Education in Ireland in the coming decade has been reordered to give prominence to its primary aim, namely, to accurately document the informed opinions of a cross- section of those working in and with the third level sector in Ireland. The interviews were carried out in 2018 & 2019.
Read More

01 Jan Closing the engineering gender pay gap

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2020
Authors: Helen Wollaston, Stephen Howse, Inge Woudstra, Julia Hanna, Vicky Peakman The Academy commissioned research to better understand the gender pay gap in UK engineering roles and to identify effective measures to improve the gender balance.
Read More

01 Jan Innovation System of Slovenia SLO – Comparative Analysis of Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovations of Slovenia (156 pages) SLO

Engineering Academy of Slovenia (IAS)
2020
Analysis of educational system in Slovenia and Research, development and innovative achievements of Slovenia has been for a decade an annual task and receives and generates substantial interest from interested parties. In 2020 it focused on innovation system, higher education in Slovenia, on research and development activities and in Slovenia and compared to other EU states.
Read More

21 Oct Opinion on State in Slovenia and Suggestions for Promotion of Economic Growth (3 pages)

Engineering Academy of Slovenia (IAS)
2012
In Slovenia in past 20 years there hasn’t been established an effective innovation policy nor a stable system of cooperation between science and economy. IAS has prepared an advice and position paper with short-, mid- and long-term measures on different fields: economy, education and research, and society. The paper was distributed to relevant state institutions and other interested organisations.
Read More

18 Oct Infrastructure for an island population of 8 million

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2010
The purpose of the report is to identify and make recommendations on the long-term infrastructure which will be required to serve a significantly and rapidly increasing all island population and to achieve world-class competitiveness for the island. Adopting a long-term perspective ensures that proper economic choices are made and avoids the risk of revisiting incremental decisions based on short-term pressures.Firm recommendations, in respect of spatial planning, key infrastructural investment requirement and protection of essential natural resources, were made.
Read More

18 Oct More Years, More Life

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2010
The recommendations focus on the impact of demographic aging on the world of work and lifelong learning in Germany. As aging in the context of work and lifelong learning, however, is closely associated with other domains of life such as health, the family, civil society, and politics, those are also covered. Furthermore, the topics of technology, and local communities and regions are explored in relation to aging. Other areas, such as the reform of pension schemes and the health system, have intentionally only received marginal attention, although they are relevant to the societal opportunities and challenges of aging. These issues have already been examined extensively in other settings and with high levels of expertise.
Read More

18 Oct Position and Role of Engineers in Slovenia

Engineering Academy of Slovenia (IAS)
2009
In each society there have to be strong research programs and research divisions in the industrial sector. Only countries with high innovativeness can be successful. Development of products that are based on own research, patents and technological knowledge is crucial for a society based on knowledge. According to this, Slovenia needs a higher share, role and position of engineers and natural scientist. This has to be supported by tight cooperation of industry with research and academic sphere. In this collection there are articles of speakers at the conference “Position and Role of Engineers in Slovenia”, organised by the Slovenian Academy of Engineering.
Read More

18 Oct Stimulating innovation

Belgium Academies (ARB)
2009
Innovation is now generally considered as an important prerequisite for a prosperous and expanding economy. As a consequence, any government anxious to boost the economic growth in its region should consider innovation as a priority. International comparative studies have repeatedly shown that, with regard to innovation, Flanders is lagging behind its neighbours despite the considerable financial means which are being spent to invigorate the innovation process. CAWET has followed with profound interest the innovation performance of the Flemish industry, and has regularly published its findings and recommendations (the last report was published in April 2001). In the present report an evaluation is made of the current innovation policy and the impact of the engaged financial means. Indeed, on the one hand injecting huge amounts of money in the economy is by no means a guarantee for a strong development of innovation. On the other hand, though, it is encouraging that progress has undoubtedly been made: innovation is now generally considered important and the government has given a high priority to innovation incentives.
Read More