Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)

07 Avr Significant Gas Fired Generation Required During Transition To Zero Carbon

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2021
National Energy and Climate Plan, Download file The Irish Government has adopted a challenging target of having 70% of the country’s electricity produced from renewable sources (mainly wind and solar) by 2030. In its newly published report, ‘The Challenge of High Levels of Renewable Electricity in Ireland’s Electricity System’ The Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE), seeks to identify the risks in the transition to renewable electricity and recommend prudent actions by policy makers. There is broad agreement that long term decarbonisation of the planet’s energy systems requires a major shift to electricity as an energy vector. Ireland is planning to have nine hundred thousand electric vehicles on the road by 2030 as well as six hundred thousand heat pumps. Don Moore says “In this context, a failure of the power system would have a catastrophic effect on normal economic life. In order to maintain necessary reliability standards while replacing coal, oil and peat generation, Ireland will require significant gas fired generation for the next two decades.” Gas consumption will reduce as generating units will operate with lower load factors, but peak gas demand for power generation will be significantly more than today. Don Moore states that “Power system reliability is therefore critically dependent on secure primary energy supplies (natural gas) to the Island of Ireland”. By 2030, the island of Ireland will be almost totally dependent on Great Britain (GB) for its gas supply. GB in turn will import up to 75% of its gas due to declining North Sea production. In the Academy’s view, developing a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal in Ireland is highly advisable to ensure secure, diverse and cost-effective gas supplies. There are several major LNG exporting counties, such as Qatar, Algeria, Nigeria, and Russia which have enormous gas reserves, and Don Moore says “ Ireland is one of the very few maritime countries in Europe which does not have an LNG import facility”. The global LNG market is now extremely competitive with over 20 exporting countries and more than 40 importing countries. Alternatives to gas fired generation to support 70% renewable electricity have been proposed, these include: • Pumped Hydro Storage • Compressed Air Storage • Battery Storage • Carbon Capture and Storage • Increased Interconnection • Hydrogen Fuel Options • Biofuels • Marine Energy (Wave/Tidal) • Nuclear Power The Academy’s considered conclusion is that none of these options can be implemented on a scale that would significantly reduce Ireland’s gas fired generation by 2030.
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22 Oct Response to the Consultation Paper for Successor to Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2015
Detailed response to structured questionnaire, under 8 headings, from the Government’s interdepartmental committee charged with drawing up a new national strategy. A more business orientated approach recommended.
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21 Oct Lecture Series on Engineering Research & Innovation

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2013
It was decided by the Academy, following their report “Engineering Research and Irish Economic Development (Dec. 2010)”, that for the greater promotion of its findings and recommendations, to invite four distinguished engineers who have made their names in the international world of engineering innovation, to participate in this lecture series on the topic of Engineering Research and Innovation. This particular publication focuses on the vital role of research in industrial innovation and identifies the specific contributions which the various sectors make:- 1.    Government through its fundamental strategies and its agencies. 2.    Industry with its interaction with the research programmes of engineering schools. 3.    The engineering schools which promote the innovation of undergraduate courses and in their research topics. 4.    The speakers, each of whom is of the highest international standards and who came to Ireland to give these lectures and share their views with us.
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21 Oct IAE Response to Consultation paper for SSTI

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2015
IAE response to Irish Government’s Consultation Paper for Successor to National Strategy for Science Technology and Innovation.
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21 Oct Reform of the Water Sector in Ireland

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2012
The Irish Academy of Engineering and Engineers Ireland delivered a joint response to the Water Services Section of the Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government on 23rd February 2012. This was in response to the Department’s request for the IAE’s/Engineers Ireland’s views on the DoECLG’s consultation paper on: - Water Sector Reform / (Consultation Paper), - Irish Water / Phase 1 Report, - Irish Water / Phase 1 Report, Appendices, and followed on from the earlier publication of another joint IAE/Engineers Ireland report entitled, “Delivering Ireland’s Water Services for the 21st Century” (July 2011)
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21 Oct The Future of Manufacturing in Ireland – Interim Report

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2013
The report consists of a summary of papers drawn from fuller working papers, prepared by the Manufacturing Standing Committee, based on extensive consultations with interested stakeholders and reviews of national and international data and statistics. Taken in the global context the Manufacturing Sector in Ireland is facing serious challenges.  The trend of decline in manufacturing jobs will continue in the absence of major new initiatives to implement key related policies.  The report identifies 9 key policies/strategies that emerged from the study of the major Manufacturing clusters in Ireland. The examination of 7 major industrial clusters leads to the inclusion under each cluster of respective relevant policy/strategy requirements.
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21 Oct Manufacturing – The Future of Manufacturing in Ireland – Supporting Working Papers

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2013
The report consists of a summary of papers drawn from fuller working papers, prepared by the Manufacturing Standing Committee, based on extensive consultations with interested stakeholders and reviews of national and international data and statistics.
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21 Oct “Called to Serve” (by R.Cox and D. O’Dwyer

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2014
Joint publication, with Engineers Ireland, of biographies and Presidential Addresses of Presidents of the Institution of Engineers of Ireland, over the period from the establishment of the Institution in 1835 to 1969, printed in book format
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21 Oct Prioritising Investment in National Infrastructure

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2015
Tom Brick, Executive Director (IAE)- 2015 Paper presented at the Dublin Economics Workshop 2015.Recommended the preparation of a 20 year Framework Plan, more rigorous prioritisation process and need to learn from past mistakes.
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21 Oct “Called to Serve”

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2014
Authors –R.Cox and D. O’Dwyer of IAE Heritage Committee - 2014 Joint publication, with Engineers Ireland, of biographies and Presidential Addresses of Presidents of the Institution of Engineers of Ireland, over the period from the establishment of the Institution in 1835 to 1969, printed in book format.
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