Academic report, by a Commission or a Working Group

23 Avr From system-level to investment-level Sustainability. An epistemological one-way street

A report of the Royal Academy of Belgium
2021
Authors: Max Krahé. Main themes: public investment in private enterprises, advancing socially and environmentally sustainable development.  
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23 Avr Du partage de la connaissance et de la promotion d’une « science ouverte » / On sharing knowledge and fostering « open science »

A report of the Royal Academy of Belgium / Un rapport de l'Académie royale de Belgique
2020
Authors: Document stemming from the work undertaken by the “Dissemination of Science” Group of the Royal Academy of Belgium, headed by Erol Gelenbe and comprising Guy Brasseur, Luc Chefneux, Véronique Dehant, Véronique Halloin, Jean-Paul Haton, Michel Judkiewicz, Bernard Rentier and Romain Weikmans. Main themes: dissemination of knowledge in the context of reducing the climate footprint.
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07 Avr Significant Gas Fired Generation Required During Transition To Zero Carbon

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2021
National Energy and Climate Plan, Download file The Irish Government has adopted a challenging target of having 70% of the country’s electricity produced from renewable sources (mainly wind and solar) by 2030. In its newly published report, ‘The Challenge of High Levels of Renewable Electricity in Ireland’s Electricity System’ The Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE), seeks to identify the risks in the transition to renewable electricity and recommend prudent actions by policy makers. There is broad agreement that long term decarbonisation of the planet’s energy systems requires a major shift to electricity as an energy vector. Ireland is planning to have nine hundred thousand electric vehicles on the road by 2030 as well as six hundred thousand heat pumps. Don Moore says “In this context, a failure of the power system would have a catastrophic effect on normal economic life. In order to maintain necessary reliability standards while replacing coal, oil and peat generation, Ireland will require significant gas fired generation for the next two decades.” Gas consumption will reduce as generating units will operate with lower load factors, but peak gas demand for power generation will be significantly more than today. Don Moore states that “Power system reliability is therefore critically dependent on secure primary energy supplies (natural gas) to the Island of Ireland”. By 2030, the island of Ireland will be almost totally dependent on Great Britain (GB) for its gas supply. GB in turn will import up to 75% of its gas due to declining North Sea production. In the Academy’s view, developing a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal in Ireland is highly advisable to ensure secure, diverse and cost-effective gas supplies. There are several major LNG exporting counties, such as Qatar, Algeria, Nigeria, and Russia which have enormous gas reserves, and Don Moore says “ Ireland is one of the very few maritime countries in Europe which does not have an LNG import facility”. The global LNG market is now extremely competitive with over 20 exporting countries and more than 40 importing countries. Alternatives to gas fired generation to support 70% renewable electricity have been proposed, these include: • Pumped Hydro Storage • Compressed Air Storage • Battery Storage • Carbon Capture and Storage • Increased Interconnection • Hydrogen Fuel Options • Biofuels • Marine Energy (Wave/Tidal) • Nuclear Power The Academy’s considered conclusion is that none of these options can be implemented on a scale that would significantly reduce Ireland’s gas fired generation by 2030.
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01 Août Safer complex systems

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2020
Authors: Professor John McDermid OBE FREng, Dr Philip Garnett, Professor Simon Burton, Dr Rob Weaver An initial framework for understanding and improving the safety of complex, interconnected systems in a rapidly changing and uncertain world.
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01 Juin Safety and ethics of autonomous systems

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2020
Authors: National Engineering Policy Centre (see report for working group members) Exploring how autonomous systems should be ethically and safely designed, developed and deployed to ensure benefits are widely distributed and no one is disadvantaged.
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28 Mai Energy configuration of buildings (ECB) from concept to implementation / Configurarea energetica a cladirilor (CEC) de la concept la aplicare

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2012
The paper presents the purpose and objectives of the energetic modernization of the existing building activities and design principles of the new buildings, characterized by high Energy and Environment performance.
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28 Mai Considerations on the district heating system of Bucharest / Consideratii privind sistemul de alimentare centralizata cu energie termica al Mun. Bucuresti

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2012
The paper presents the district heating system (SACET) of Bucharest, one of the largest systems in Europe, and its associated problems. The wrong decisions of economic and energy policy affecting this energy sub-sector in Romania are briefly discussed, technical and economic characteristics of SACET Bucharest, general studies and solutions to restructure and make more efficient the system, considering its extremely high social impact.
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28 Mai The way to the smart cities of the future – “Smart Cities” / Catre orasele inteligente ale viitorului – “Smart Cities”

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2012
The topic approached in this paper follows the actual trends of power system modernization through the smart grid(s) concept. In particular, the smart metering, smart home and electric vehicle concepts are developed simultaneously with the idea of smarter cities through development of advanced electric equipments, telecommunications and computing technologies and robust infrastructure.
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28 Mai Engineering a low carbon built environment: The discipline of Building Engineering Physics

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2010
This report presents an overview of the field of building engineering physics and identifies opportunities for developments that will benefit society as a whole, as well as employers, universities, professional engineering institutions and in particular professionals who are following careers with building engineering physics as the basis. The report makes key recommendations for Government policy, academic and industry research directions and professional development in the field to achieve the skill levels necessary to deliver mass market low carbon buildings.
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01 Mar Global engineering capability review

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2020
Authors: Economic Intelligence Unit, see report for full list of team Prepared by the Economist Intelligence Unit, this report measures the abilities of 99 countries to conduct key engineering activities in a safe and innovative way.
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