– Member Academies – All

28 Oct Municipal Solid Waste: What to do with the biodegradables?

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2010
Based on the disciplines of biology, molecular biology, chemistry, biotechnology as well as information technology and engineering sciences, a new field of research is evolving, called synthetic biology. It has attracted special attention recently, also on an international basis. Synthetic biology can make an essential contribution to the gaining of knowledge in basic research. Beyond that, it opens up options for biotechnological applications in the medium term, i.e. in the area of new and improved diagnostic agents, vaccines and drugs as well as the development of new biosensors and biomaterials or even biofuels. Concurrently, the research area opens up new questions, e.g. about legal aspects in the context of biological safety or the protection from abuse; likewise, questions about the economic use and ethical aspects. Against this backdrop, the German Research Foundation (DFG), acatech, which is the German Academy for Science and Engineering, and the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina have pooled their strengths and crafted a joint statement on possible opportunities and risks of synthetic biology.
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25 Oct The Construction Industry of the Future in a Globalization Perspective

Danish Academy of Technical Sciences (ATV)
2009
In this report ATV discusses to what extent investors, developers, consultancy firms, manufacturers of construction products, distributors and contractors will undergo internationalization or participate in the globalization of the construction industry - What problems or benefits will it imply, and what will be the trends for the future.
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22 Oct Reuse of water sources in a production environment

CNR, INFN, ITT and Politecnico di Torino consortium
2010
Water represents a primary resource, essential for the future of our generations that must be more and more protected and preserved from an arbitrary and negligent use. Therefore, the sustainable management of water resources has become a challenge for the future, especially for the production sector, that must adopt the best actions to reduce its own impact on these limited sources. The seminar is the opportunity to be updated about the rules on water protection and related fulfilments and controls in the production sector. Moreover, it is the occasion to know some business experiences in sustainable management of water resources and the current quality of superficial and subterranean waters in Veneto Region.
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22 Oct Round Table Medical Technology – Ways to an Expedited Approval and Compensation Procedure for Innovative Medical Products

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2009
Medical technology is an important component of health care—but many hurdles have to be overcome on the way from a clever idea to an innovation in medical technology that is successfully established on the market: a key problem is the long approval and compensation ways for innovations in medical technology that make difficult fast growth and thus the creation of jobs. acatech has been dedicated for several years now to an improvement of the structural conditions for the implementation of innovations in medical technology.With the “Round Table Medical Technology” event, an urgently needed discussion about the maintenance and promotion of the competitiveness of medical technology in Germany has been initiated. The publication summarizes the main positions of the Round Table and presents ways of making the access of new medical technology to the health care market easier.
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22 Oct The Innovative Power of Health Technologies Recommendations for the sustainable promotion of innovation in medical technology

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2014
Health technology and modern medical technology play a key role in healthcare provision in Germany. They provide systems that help patients make a quicker and more complete recovery, help doctors prescribe more targeted treatments with fewer side-effects and allow people with disabilities to lead independent lives. Medical technology encompasses imaging techniques such as X-ray technology, diagnostic measurement techniques such as electrocardiography and both active and passive implants such as cardiac pacemakers and artificial joints. In recent years, computer-assisted surgery and hospital information systems have also increasingly come to the fore. New and improved medical products are thus not only of benefit to patients but also to doctors working in a wide range of different fields and indeed to business and society as a whole.
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22 Oct Response to the Consultation Paper for Successor to Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2015
Detailed response to structured questionnaire, under 8 headings, from the Government’s interdepartmental committee charged with drawing up a new national strategy. A more business orientated approach recommended.
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22 Oct Healthcare for Asylum Seekers

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2015
The foremost priority of the German healthcare system is to protect the health of every person living in the country, which includes those seeking humanitarian protection in Germany (asylum seekers). Providing asylum seekers with healthcare is presenting new challenges for the German healthcare system. The academies have identified the following key areas for action: (I) providing medical examinations and care in the initial reception centres, (II) careand treatment of people suffering from mental illnesses and trauma, (III) meeting the demand for qualified personnel, (IV) taking linguistic and cultural needs into consideration, (V) expanding the scope of available data and research. The academies recommend that specialized polyclinics provide medical care in the initial reception centres. The tasks of these clinics should include: ensuring medical expertise that is sensitive to cultural and religious needs; providing (specialist) interpreters; actively engaging with the structuring and organisation of reception centres; networking with hospitals, on-site doctors, and social welfare organisations.
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22 Oct Public Health in Germany – Structures, Developments and Global Challenges

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2015
Public health is an important integrative science, translating basic research into better health of populations. Present academic structures for public health research and teaching in Germany are fragmented and, despite continuing efforts and progress, do not always meet national needs and international standards in either scope or scale. Although there are excellent individuals and institutions working in public and global health in Germany, as can be concluded from publication and citation analysis and other indicators, they need increased political support, improved structures and significant research investment.
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22 Oct Individualised Medicine Prerequisites and Consequences

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2014
One of medicine’s central goals has been and is to heal, relieve or even prevent patients’ diseases. At the beginning of the 21st century, biomedical research and clinical medicine are undergoing a transformation, described by many as a paradigm shift. New approaches based on genome analyses and biomedical technologies are making it possible to analyse biological processes more precisely and more thoroughly than ever before. Associated with this is the goal of better understanding the causes of disease, providing accurate diagnoses, and last but not least, developing highly effective, precisely targeted therapies that have few side effects. For example, our understanding of why people who apparently have the same illness react differently to the same therapy is growing. ‘Individualised Medicine’ is an approach that adds another dimension to our understanding of illnesses. However, a number of ethical, legal and economic questions are associated with Individualised Medicine. This Statement depicts current developments, challenges and framework conditions of Individualised Medicine.
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