Co-studies

22 Oct Nondestructive evaluation in medical prosthetics

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2013
This paper proposes two types of approaches, the case of heart valves Bjork Shiley convexo-concave (BSCC) nondestructive evaluation by electromagnetic procedures and after that, using Markov model with hidden chains, the lifetime prediction is effectuated and the case of nondestructive evaluation of ceramic hip prosthesis using resonant ultrasound spectroscopy.
Read More

22 Oct Healthcare for Asylum Seekers

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2015
The foremost priority of the German healthcare system is to protect the health of every person living in the country, which includes those seeking humanitarian protection in Germany (asylum seekers). Providing asylum seekers with healthcare is presenting new challenges for the German healthcare system. The academies have identified the following key areas for action: (I) providing medical examinations and care in the initial reception centres, (II) careand treatment of people suffering from mental illnesses and trauma, (III) meeting the demand for qualified personnel, (IV) taking linguistic and cultural needs into consideration, (V) expanding the scope of available data and research. The academies recommend that specialized polyclinics provide medical care in the initial reception centres. The tasks of these clinics should include: ensuring medical expertise that is sensitive to cultural and religious needs; providing (specialist) interpreters; actively engaging with the structuring and organisation of reception centres; networking with hospitals, on-site doctors, and social welfare organisations.
Read More

22 Oct Public Health in Germany – Structures, Developments and Global Challenges

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2015
Public health is an important integrative science, translating basic research into better health of populations. Present academic structures for public health research and teaching in Germany are fragmented and, despite continuing efforts and progress, do not always meet national needs and international standards in either scope or scale. Although there are excellent individuals and institutions working in public and global health in Germany, as can be concluded from publication and citation analysis and other indicators, they need increased political support, improved structures and significant research investment.
Read More

22 Oct The patient, technologies and ambulatory medicine

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2008
Due to the increased life expectancy and the related increase of chronic diseases (as opposed to acute disorders when patients are younger), an alternative approach to hospital care has become necessary: a third of the population of France and the US now suffers from chronic diseases.  Ambulatory medicine, which is a health care system that keeps the patient at home while offering him the same outstanding quality care that he would receive at the hospital, is such an economically viable approach, responding at the same time to the wishes of patients, to economic requirements and scientific, technological and medical developments. This report describes recent advances of ambulatory medical care, identifies obstacles to overcome and incentives to encourage and makes recommendations for future development with the aim of optimizing the management of healthcare costs, with special emphasis on the role of information technology to master the complex system of information flows between the many stakeholders.  It does also identify the potential hurdles and necessary incentives and looks at issues of compliance with existing law and legal adaptation to the new requirements.  It also evokes the necessary training of the various actors in order for the system to function adequately. Working-group Leaders: Francis Lévi, Professor of Medical Oncology and NATF Fellow, and Christian Saguez, Former Professor at École Centrale de Paris and NATF Fellow.
Read More

22 Oct Incorporating the German Energiewende into a comprehensive European approach – New options for a common energy and climate policy

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2017
The working hypothesis underlying the academies’ position paper is that climate protection is the main objective in the efforts leading to a transition of the energy system (“Energiewende”). The statement describes different options for an incorporation of the German Energiewende into a comprehensive European approach. It focuses on the EU emissions trading scheme (EU ETS) as a key instrument for tackling climate change and facilitating European market integration. Furthermore, it describes how the EU ETS could be complemented by measures strengthening the European internal electricity market. Subsequently, the issued recommendations are reviewed regarding their legal feasibility and compliance with European law.
Read More

21 Oct Modern approaches in numerical calculus of the effects of explosions on structures

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2013
This paper presents in a synthetic way the most important characteristics of an explosion and the most used empirical formulas for calculus of the blast wave parameters, in the general case of an air explosion. The paper also presents some numerical models and the newest procedures used for blast wave parameter and effect calculus upon structures.
Read More

21 Oct Sustainability in chemical engineering

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2013
The specific directions of chemical engineering research evolution, derived from the new paradigms will be presented. For the new sustainable technologies the most adequate solutions, obtained with multiobjective optimization techniques, will be implemented. Finally, the exposed ideas will be materialized through a case study.
Read More

21 Oct Technological and Cross-Border Mixture Value Chain of Science and Engineering of Multi-Integrative Mechatronics-Integronics-Adaptronics with Use in the Construction of Intelligent Systems / Micro-Nano-Systems and Intelligent Adaptronic Equipements /

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2013
This scientific paper presents in national premiere and in original multi-integrative and multi-potential concept of creation, experimentation, realization and integration on the route of the technological cross-border mixture value chain of intelligent mix-mechatronic-integronic-adaptronic products and systems / micro-nano-systems for the industry, economy and society, corresponding to the new intelligent labour jobs.
Read More

21 Oct Structural damping optimization by discrete parametric changes of isolation systems of base at seismic movements / Optimizarea amortizării structurale prin variaţii discrete parametrice a sistemelor de izolare a bazei la mişcări seismice

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2013
This paper presents the methods of structural analysis of the level of damping elastomeric bearing system of second order. Thus, the method of analysis and optimization is to change with discrete values the stiffness of the elastomeric system and mass of the construction gravitational positioned on the base of isolation system.
Read More

21 Oct Dynamic modal analysis of road viaducts lean on the elastomeric anti-seismic devices / Analiza modală a viaductelor rutiere rezemate pe dispozitive antiseismice elastomerice

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2013
This paper presents synthesis results of applied researches on the behaviour of modal road viaducts which are elastic leaning and have only mostly only rigid motions with elastic. Eigen mode analysis was performed for a road viaduct performed by Bechtel in Gilau area on Transilvania Highway.
Read More