Communications to the Academy by its members

28 Mai The challenge of wood based construction

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2010
Wood like structural element. The tree, anatomy and stresses. Influence of physical and mechanical factors in wood properties. Previous and current conditions: Evolution of joining methods. The laminated stuck wood and its adhesives. Current State. Design strategies. Constructive aspects. Solutions to avoid or neutralize perpendicular traction presence. Swelling and wastage. Endurance. Protection against fire. Traditional joints categories. Mechanical Unions. Peg unions. Surface connectors.
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01 Jan Factsheet “Autonomous Mobility”

Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW)
January 2020
Authors: Wolfgang Kröger et al. Main themes: autonomous mobility Nature of publication: factsheet English abstract (150 to 200 words): The future aim of highly and fully automated vehicles with corresponding drive systems is to free drivers from often tedious tasks, eliminate them as a source of danger, and make more efficient use of infrastructure. They require an almost unimaginably high level of digitalisation, artificial intelligence usage and innovative networking to enable extremely complex systems to emerge. Autonomous vehicles are currently at an early stage of development, planning or even testing. Details of initial authorisations and commercial availability are still far off: sceptics dismiss this as just hype, proponents talk about it soon becoming a reality. This is supported by billions in investment from large countries such as the USA, China, and Germany, as well as gigantic technology and service conglomerates such as Alphabet-Waymo, Uber and leading automobile manufacturers. A realistic timeframe seems to be 20 years until highly automated vehicles penetrate the market, with at least 40 years for fully automated versions. Autonomous shuttles, taxi fleets, computer-guided lorry convoys and traffic on the outskirts of major cities will most likely lead the charge. The small brochure provides a detailed overview of the current challenges on a technical, legal, environmental, and social level, and shows some potential benefits.
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22 Oct A statistical model aiming to the evaluation of materials fatigue effects

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2009
Introduction and motivation to materials fatigue problems. Models based on stresses. Models based on deformations. Models based on mechanics of the fracture. Damage models and damage accumulation.
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22 Oct The patient, technologies and ambulatory medicine

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2008
Due to the increased life expectancy and the related increase of chronic diseases (as opposed to acute disorders when patients are younger), an alternative approach to hospital care has become necessary: a third of the population of France and the US now suffers from chronic diseases.  Ambulatory medicine, which is a health care system that keeps the patient at home while offering him the same outstanding quality care that he would receive at the hospital, is such an economically viable approach, responding at the same time to the wishes of patients, to economic requirements and scientific, technological and medical developments. This report describes recent advances of ambulatory medical care, identifies obstacles to overcome and incentives to encourage and makes recommendations for future development with the aim of optimizing the management of healthcare costs, with special emphasis on the role of information technology to master the complex system of information flows between the many stakeholders.  It does also identify the potential hurdles and necessary incentives and looks at issues of compliance with existing law and legal adaptation to the new requirements.  It also evokes the necessary training of the various actors in order for the system to function adequately. Working-group Leaders: Francis Lévi, Professor of Medical Oncology and NATF Fellow, and Christian Saguez, Former Professor at École Centrale de Paris and NATF Fellow.
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21 Oct Philosophy of Engineering: Volume 1 of the proceedings of a series of seminars held at The Royal Academy of Engineering

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2010
The papers in this volume are from the first three of a series of seminars in the philosophy of engineering organised by The Royal Academy of Engineering. The papers were given by philosophers and engineers with an interest in the philosophy of engineering who were invited to speak on a given theme, as described below. The results are a series of papers of great variety, showing a range of different perspectives on the philosophical issues that engineering raises. It is hoped that these will spark philosophical interest and will lead to further, deeper consideration of the topics explored in the seminars.
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21 Oct Engineering the Olympics

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2011
The 2011 Lloyd’s Register Educational Trust Lecture.  The construction work for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games is a complex job. It has been compared to building two of the Heathrow Terminal 5 in half the time.  This lecture was delivered by John Armitt, Chairman of the Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA), the body responsible for delivering this work. In his lecture he will describe the various engineering and construction challenges from governance, land assembly, budget agreement, stakeholder relations, planning, programme management and how they were overcome.
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21 Oct Food Innovation and Consumers

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2012
The aim of this report is to throw light on the following question: is innovation in food systems compatible, as they exist today, with what consumers want, viz., natural, healthy food? The authors demonstrate that consumers are indeed in the heart of the innovation process but also that new marketing techniques tend to mask technological innovations. Although professionals in foodstuffs have long since learned how to handle and satisfy consumers, offering healthy, safe and tasty food, simple too cook and serve, the same professionals are at a loss when it comes to meeting the demands of consumer-citizen, often close to saturation level with a series of cultural ingredients, even ideologies, who represent a population on whom technical or economic argument have no or little effect.
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21 Oct Risks related to manufactured nanoparticles – Ways of protection and prevention

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2012
In research labs as well as in industry, nanomaterials (at least partially made of nanoparticles) are the object of a growing interest. The have lead to many new industrial applications during the last few years and more are on the way. Knowledge about the hazards related to these new materials and nanoparticles issued of these nanomaterials is nevertheless limited, as well as their impact on the Human Health or on the Environment. The purpose of this communication is to assess this problem and to propose ways forward. It lists the present knowledge on the toxicity hazards for populations and the environment. The risks to workers, whether into the Research field or the industrial one are more particularly discussed.
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21 Oct New semiconductors ,new dimensions, new lights

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2009
Semiconductors for optoelectronics in the blue. The light-emitting blue diode: its origins. Solid-state lighting. Other applications. Final statement.
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