Other publications

07 Avr Significant Gas Fired Generation Required During Transition To Zero Carbon

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2021
National Energy and Climate Plan, Download file The Irish Government has adopted a challenging target of having 70% of the country’s electricity produced from renewable sources (mainly wind and solar) by 2030. In its newly published report, ‘The Challenge of High Levels of Renewable Electricity in Ireland’s Electricity System’ The Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE), seeks to identify the risks in the transition to renewable electricity and recommend prudent actions by policy makers. There is broad agreement that long term decarbonisation of the planet’s energy systems requires a major shift to electricity as an energy vector. Ireland is planning to have nine hundred thousand electric vehicles on the road by 2030 as well as six hundred thousand heat pumps. Don Moore says “In this context, a failure of the power system would have a catastrophic effect on normal economic life. In order to maintain necessary reliability standards while replacing coal, oil and peat generation, Ireland will require significant gas fired generation for the next two decades.” Gas consumption will reduce as generating units will operate with lower load factors, but peak gas demand for power generation will be significantly more than today. Don Moore states that “Power system reliability is therefore critically dependent on secure primary energy supplies (natural gas) to the Island of Ireland”. By 2030, the island of Ireland will be almost totally dependent on Great Britain (GB) for its gas supply. GB in turn will import up to 75% of its gas due to declining North Sea production. In the Academy’s view, developing a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal in Ireland is highly advisable to ensure secure, diverse and cost-effective gas supplies. There are several major LNG exporting counties, such as Qatar, Algeria, Nigeria, and Russia which have enormous gas reserves, and Don Moore says “ Ireland is one of the very few maritime countries in Europe which does not have an LNG import facility”. The global LNG market is now extremely competitive with over 20 exporting countries and more than 40 importing countries. Alternatives to gas fired generation to support 70% renewable electricity have been proposed, these include: • Pumped Hydro Storage • Compressed Air Storage • Battery Storage • Carbon Capture and Storage • Increased Interconnection • Hydrogen Fuel Options • Biofuels • Marine Energy (Wave/Tidal) • Nuclear Power The Academy’s considered conclusion is that none of these options can be implemented on a scale that would significantly reduce Ireland’s gas fired generation by 2030.
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22 Oct The patient, technologies and ambulatory medicine

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2008
Due to the increased life expectancy and the related increase of chronic diseases (as opposed to acute disorders when patients are younger), an alternative approach to hospital care has become necessary: a third of the population of France and the US now suffers from chronic diseases.  Ambulatory medicine, which is a health care system that keeps the patient at home while offering him the same outstanding quality care that he would receive at the hospital, is such an economically viable approach, responding at the same time to the wishes of patients, to economic requirements and scientific, technological and medical developments. This report describes recent advances of ambulatory medical care, identifies obstacles to overcome and incentives to encourage and makes recommendations for future development with the aim of optimizing the management of healthcare costs, with special emphasis on the role of information technology to master the complex system of information flows between the many stakeholders.  It does also identify the potential hurdles and necessary incentives and looks at issues of compliance with existing law and legal adaptation to the new requirements.  It also evokes the necessary training of the various actors in order for the system to function adequately. Working-group Leaders: Francis Lévi, Professor of Medical Oncology and NATF Fellow, and Christian Saguez, Former Professor at École Centrale de Paris and NATF Fellow.
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21 Oct Comparative Analysis of Higher Education, Research, Development, Innovations and Economy Achievements of Slovenia (84 pages)

Engineering Academy of Slovenia (IAS)
2012
Analysis of educational system in Slovenia and Research, development and innovative achievements of Slovenia has now become an annual task and receives and generates substantial interest from interested parties. In 2013 it focused on higher education in Slovenia, on research and development activities, innovation and entrepreneurship and on economy in Slovenia. The analysis has been one of the main documents, on which the position paper “Slovenia need a new Vision of Economic and Social Development” is based.
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21 Oct Reform of the Water Sector in Ireland

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2012
The Irish Academy of Engineering and Engineers Ireland delivered a joint response to the Water Services Section of the Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government on 23rd February 2012. This was in response to the Department’s request for the IAE’s/Engineers Ireland’s views on the DoECLG’s consultation paper on: - Water Sector Reform / (Consultation Paper), - Irish Water / Phase 1 Report, - Irish Water / Phase 1 Report, Appendices, and followed on from the earlier publication of another joint IAE/Engineers Ireland report entitled, “Delivering Ireland’s Water Services for the 21st Century” (July 2011)
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21 Oct Smart solutions, de AcTI-aanpak

Netherlands Academy of Technology and Innovation (AcTI)
2011
Ten geleide AcTI beoogt al 25 jaar de innovatie in Nederland te bevorderen. We bewandelen niet alleen gebaande wegen maar gebruiken ook nieuwe, slimme benaderingen, Smart Solutions. Een goed voorbeeld daarvan zijn de jaarlijkse Innovatieconferenties die sinds 2003 in een ander jasje steken. We pakken actuele thema’s aan, laten gezamenlijke afspraken maken en volgen de realisatie daarvan. Dit boekje brengt aan de hand van een negental interviews met direct betrokkenen afspraken uit het verleden in beeld, evenals de geboekte resultaten. Het resultaat is een fraaie bloemlezing van Smart Solutions via de AcTI aanpak, ze vormen de kern van deze jubileumuitgave.
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21 Oct Manufacturing – The Future of Manufacturing in Ireland – Supporting Working Papers

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2013
The report consists of a summary of papers drawn from fuller working papers, prepared by the Manufacturing Standing Committee, based on extensive consultations with interested stakeholders and reviews of national and international data and statistics.
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