Other publications

24 Nov Energy and Climate Change – Publication

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2022
The title: Energy and Climate Change The date of publication: Authors: Eloy Álvarez Pelegry Main themes: Energy Nature of publication: Joint sessions with other Royal Academies Report availability (link, paper version...): Link, paper. The conference given by Mr Eloy Álvarez Pelegry about Energy and Climate Change on the occasion of the joint session held by the Royal National Academies of Pharmacy, Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences, National Academy of Medicine and Engineering, with the participation of academicians from each of them. http://www.raing.es/es/publicaciones/informes/energ-y-cambio-clim-tico
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14 Juin Autonomous mobility

Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW)
2021
The future aim of highly and fully automated vehicles with corresponding drive systems is to free drivers from often tedious tasks, eliminate them as a source of danger, and make more efficient use of infrastructure. They require an almost unimaginably high level of digitalisation, artificial intelligence usage and innovative networking to enable extremely complex systems to emerge. Autonomous vehicles are currently at an early stage of development, planning or even testing. Details of initial authorisations and commercial availability are still far off: sceptics dismiss this as just hype, proponents talk about it soon becoming a reality. This is supported by billions in investment from large countries such as the USA, China, and Germany, as well as gigantic technology and service conglomerates such as Alphabet-Waymo, Uber and leading automobile manufacturers. A realistic timeframe seems to be 20 years until highly automated vehicles penetrate the market, with at least 40 years for fully automated versions. Autonomous shuttles, taxi fleets, computer-guided lorry convoys and traffic on the outskirts of major cities will most likely lead the charge. The small brochure provides a detailed overview of the current challenges on a technical, legal, environmental, and social level, and shows some potential benefits.
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07 Avr Significant Gas Fired Generation Required During Transition To Zero Carbon

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2021
National Energy and Climate Plan, Download file The Irish Government has adopted a challenging target of having 70% of the country’s electricity produced from renewable sources (mainly wind and solar) by 2030. In its newly published report, ‘The Challenge of High Levels of Renewable Electricity in Ireland’s Electricity System’ The Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE), seeks to identify the risks in the transition to renewable electricity and recommend prudent actions by policy makers. There is broad agreement that long term decarbonisation of the planet’s energy systems requires a major shift to electricity as an energy vector. Ireland is planning to have nine hundred thousand electric vehicles on the road by 2030 as well as six hundred thousand heat pumps. Don Moore says “In this context, a failure of the power system would have a catastrophic effect on normal economic life. In order to maintain necessary reliability standards while replacing coal, oil and peat generation, Ireland will require significant gas fired generation for the next two decades.” Gas consumption will reduce as generating units will operate with lower load factors, but peak gas demand for power generation will be significantly more than today. Don Moore states that “Power system reliability is therefore critically dependent on secure primary energy supplies (natural gas) to the Island of Ireland”. By 2030, the island of Ireland will be almost totally dependent on Great Britain (GB) for its gas supply. GB in turn will import up to 75% of its gas due to declining North Sea production. In the Academy’s view, developing a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal in Ireland is highly advisable to ensure secure, diverse and cost-effective gas supplies. There are several major LNG exporting counties, such as Qatar, Algeria, Nigeria, and Russia which have enormous gas reserves, and Don Moore says “ Ireland is one of the very few maritime countries in Europe which does not have an LNG import facility”. The global LNG market is now extremely competitive with over 20 exporting countries and more than 40 importing countries. Alternatives to gas fired generation to support 70% renewable electricity have been proposed, these include: • Pumped Hydro Storage • Compressed Air Storage • Battery Storage • Carbon Capture and Storage • Increased Interconnection • Hydrogen Fuel Options • Biofuels • Marine Energy (Wave/Tidal) • Nuclear Power The Academy’s considered conclusion is that none of these options can be implemented on a scale that would significantly reduce Ireland’s gas fired generation by 2030.
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24 Jan 5G in perspective – Publication

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2021
The title: 5G in perspective The date of publication: 2021 Authors: Mr Miguel Ángel Lagunas Main themes: Engineering Nature of publication: Opening of the Academic Year Report availability (link, paper version...):Link, paper. At the opening of Academic Year 2019-2020, the academician Miguel Angel Lagunas began with a brief introduction on digitisation and the first steps in the limits of transmission speed, making a short journey through the five generations from the first to the fifth. The deployment of this fifth generation is taking place now. Before going through that journey, he introduced two elements that were considered essential in the evolution of radio generations: the layered structure and information theory. 5G inverts the natural or temporary order of things, based on two singularities of great importance in this generation compared with previous ones. The first is that 5G is not a new generation mobile radio, but a new communications infrastructure that also involve cable, fibre and satellite technologies. This leads to a greater ability to make a big leap in supported applications and scenarios. These are the two reasons why this odd generation seems very different and certainly fascinating from an engineering perspective. http://www.raing.es/es/publicaciones/lecciones-inaugurales/5g-en-perspectiva
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24 Nov Ceremony for awarding the medal and title to the Hon. Mr Javier Jiménez Espriú

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2020
On 27th February 2020, in a commemorative ceremony, the medal and title as corresponding academician was awarded to the Hon. Mr Javier Jiménez Espriú. The laudation of the new academician was delivered by the Academic Member the Hon. Mr Aníbal R. Figueiras Vidal. In his lecture, The miscegenation of our engineering and the ethical clash of the 21st century, the new corresponding academician, after thanking the RAI for the distinction received, which allows to strengthen bonds between Spanish and Mexican engineering, went on to make a brief tour of Mexican engineering throughout its wide and long tradition and its encounter with that which arrived from the Iberian Peninsula in different times in history. He pointed out as extraordinary works, housing, hydraulic, roads, the study of astronomy, and other works made to practice sports, which today remain the admiration of locals and strangers for their geometric and mathematical perfection, use of materials, construction techniques and inventiveness and art.
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24 Nov Engineering approaches and contributions in times of COVID-19. A contribution to the debate and to the development of possible solutions – Publication

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2020
The title: Engineering approaches and contributions in times of COVID-19. A contribution to the debate and to the development of possible solutions. The date of publication: 2020 Authors: Academicians of the Royal Academy of Engineering Main themes: COVID-19 Nature of publication: Engineering Report availability (link, paper version...): Link, paper. In the concerning and challenging context of the pandemic, several RAI academicians proposed to contribute their knowledge and experience in relation to some of the fields related to the pandemic. In accordance with this initiative, the following document Engineering Approaches and Contributions to in times of COVID-19 has been prepared, contributing to the debate and the proposal of possible solutions. It includes the works of the academicians Mr Enrique Castillo, Mr César Dopazo, Mr Javier Jiménez, Ms Nuria Oliver and Mr Daniel Ramón, in several cases with other non-academician authors.
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24 Nov Reflections on Bacteria, Food and Health – Publication

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2020
The title: Reflections on Bacteria, Food and Health The date of publication: 21st January 2020 Authors: Daniel Ramón Vidal Main themes: Food production Nature of publication: Inauguration as full member academician Report availability (link, paper version...): Link, Paper Daniel Ramón Vidal has always worked with microorganisms. At first with fungal species that were of interest to the pharmaceutical industry as antibiotic producers. A few years later, after joining the CSIC, with bacteria, yeasts and fungi relevant to food production. Today he is still working on it, but in a private company, trying to develop microorganisms that improve consumers’ health. His view of how the microbial world influences the production and nutritional assimilation of food has changed significantly in the last decade, largely due to the advent of so-called massive genomic sequencing techniques. http://www.raing.es/es/publicaciones/discursos-de-ingresos/reflexiones-en-torno-las-bacterias-la-alimentaci-n-y-la-salud
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24 Oct Exploring the icy moons of giant planets – Publication

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2020
The title: Exploring the icy moons of giant planets The date of publication: 26th October 2020 Authors: Juan Ramón Sanmartín Losada Main themes: White Paper Nature of publication: Closing of the academic year Report availability (link, paper version...): Link, paper. The closing lecture is based on a White Paper, Bare-Tether Missions Paradigm for Exploration of OceanWorlds in Plumes of Icy Moons Enceladus, Europa, and Triton which he had submitted, with the unique Topic, OceanWorlds, to the Decadal Survey on Planetary Science and Astrobiology 2023 -2032 From NASA and the National Science Foundation http://www.raing.es/es/publicaciones/lecciones-inaugurales/exploraci-n-de-lunas-heladas-de-los-planetas-gigantes
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01 Sep Global political economics in times of COVID-19. Rebound or collapse

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2020
On 30 September 2020, Mr Ricardo Hausmann, academician of the RAI and Professor with a Chair in International Economic Policy Rafik Hariri Growth Lab. Harvard University, gave an online master lecture on "Global Political Economics in times of COVID-19. Rebound or collapse". http://www.raing.es/es/actividades/conferencia-magistral-la-econom-pol-tica-mundial-ante-el-covid-19-rebrote-o-colapso  
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01 Mar Futurist Lecture Series

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2020
As a result of the cooperation between the Royal Academy of Engineering and Fundación La Caixa (La Caixa Foundation), a series of lectures are being held under the title Futurists: Engineering and its new challenges, in Madrid, and will continue in the cities of Seville and Zaragoza, and are given by academicians of the RAI. Due to the global health situation, only two of the planned lectures could be held in 2020. The first of these lectures, Will we run out of water?, was given by Mr Elías Fereres, academician of the RAI, on 5th March 2020, who recalled that life on the Planet is not possible without water, and in the case of human beings, in addition to hydrating one’s body, water is essential for the production of food. http://www.raing.es/es/actividades/nos-quedaremos-sin-agua-por-el-fereres The second of these conferences, Artificial Intelligence: Fiction and reality, was given by Nuria Oliver on 24th September 2020. http://www.raing.es/es/actividades/inteligencia-artificial-ficci-n-y-realidad-por-nuria-oliver    
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