Mobility and Transportation

21 Oct Innovation and Sustainable Surface Transport

Hungarian Academy of Engineering (HAE)
2009
The scarcity of oil as a fossil fuel and the continuous tightening up of the CO2 emission goals in conjunction with a sharp increase of individual mobility in Asia and many other regions of the world call into question the internal combustion engine as the dominant drive technology. The necessity of the reduction of greenhouse gases, connected to the rising level of urbanization, will make the technological switchover from the internal combustion engine to the electrical drive more attractive in the future. The volume documents the contributions to the acatech Academy Event in April 2010. They investigate the potentials of electric mobility and the challenges for science and technology that have to be mastered on the way to an electro-mobile future.
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21 Oct Electric Mobility – Potentials and Challenges for Science and Technology

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2010
The scarcity of oil as a fossil fuel and the continuous tightening up of the CO2 emission goals in conjunction with a sharp increase of individual mobility in Asia and many other regions of the world call into question the internal combustion engine as the dominant drive technology. The necessity of the reduction of greenhouse gases, connected to the rising level of urbanization, will make the technological switchover from the internal combustion engine to the electrical drive more attractive in the future. The volume documents the contributions to the acatech Academy Event in April 2010. They investigate the potentials of electric mobility and the challenges for science and technology that have to be mastered on the way to an electro-mobile future.
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21 Oct Statement: How Germany Can Become the Leading Provider of Electric Mobility

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2010
Anybody wanting to carry electric mobility in Germany forward on a sustainable basis should mainly invest in research and development in order to create marketable components and systems as well as the corresponding infrastructure. Consumption incentives in the way of the so-called environmental premium alone do not suffice to achieve the ambitious goals that the federal government pursues, i.e. the “National Development Plan for Electric Mobility.”
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21 Oct Electric Vehicles: charged with potential

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2010
This study has investigated the implications of the large-scale adoption of electric cars in Britain.  Electric vehicles hold the promise, if widely adopted, of drastically reducing carbon emissions from surface transport and could, therefore, form a major plank in the UK’s efforts to meet the binding emissions reduction targets enshrined in the 2008 Climate Change Act.  This report concludes that the success of electric vehicles in the UK will rely on a number of infrastructural improvements and early agreement on standards and protocols. Development of the technologies ahead of these decisions could reduce public acceptance of EVs, if different charging solutions are being offered, and ultimately require increased future investment in infrastructure to accommodate multiple standards.
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21 Oct Mobile communications as a progress driving force

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2010
Society and mobile communications. Mobile communications historical milestones. ICT: some historical keystones. Some market trends. Broadcast spectrum. Notes of broadcast engineering. Broadcast sources. Spectrum regulation. Spectrum dynamic assignment. Cognitive broadcast. Cognitive networks. Cooperation for management of broadcasting sources. Cognition and cooperation in mobile networks. Broadcasting as a vehicle for future Internet.
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21 Oct The Action Field of Mobility: Safeguarding Infrastructures. Improving Traffic Efficiency. Seizing Export Opportunities

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2011
Efficient roads and railways constitute the lifelines of individual mobility and logistics. Given the increasing burdens on government budgets, however, the maintenance and extension of the traffic infrastructure is becoming increasingly more difficult. Against this backdrop, acatech has made statements in its “Mobility 2020” on traffic development in Germany and offered recommendations for action in terms of the need-oriented advancement of the infrastructure as early as 2006. The study on hand is the revision and continuation of the developments forecasted then. It shows that the trend of regionally varying traffic growth is continuing. Particularly regional agglomerations of the so-called C category are therefore dependent on sustainable mobility concepts, including electric mobility and traffic management, while rural regions, e.g. in Northern Germany, feature a downward tendency. In the second part, the volume also presents ways how integrated mobility solutions could contribute to the solution of global challenges.
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21 Oct Smart Cities – German High Technology for the City of the Future

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2011
Worldwide urbanization is a crucial challenge of the 21st century. More people are living in regional agglomerations than in rural regions for the first time since 2007; they will add up to 60% in 2030. The stronger the concentration, the more cities and agglomerations will depend on networked technologies. “Smart” technologies offer answers to various requirement areas in this context. Germany has good opportunities to establish itself as a leading provider of innovative package solutions. The statement of the German Academy of Science and Engineering on hand presents which framework conditions have to be created on the part of policy making so as to utilize the potential.
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21 Oct Global Navigation Space Systems: reliance and vulnerabilities

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2011
In an ever more connected world, society’s reliance on high integrity positional, navigational and timing (PNT) data is growing. The Academy’s study has identified an increasing number of applications where PNT signals from GNSS are used with little, or no, non-GNSS based back-ups available. The trend is for GNSS to be used in a growing number of safety of life critical systems. Unfortunately, the integrity of GNSS is insufficient for these applications without augmentation. Non-GNSS based back-ups are often absent, inadequately exercised or inadequately maintained.  The recommendations of this report include raising awareness, analysing impact, increasing resilience and a number of particular policy responses.
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21 Oct Arges and Dambovita rivers arrangement for navigation and other uses / Amenajarea raurilor Arges si Dambovita pentru navigatie si alte folosinte

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2012
This paper analyses the opportunity of accomplishing a navigable link between Bucharest and Danube – Trans-European Transport Corridor VII. There are summarized the studies / projects developed for this navigable link from the late nineteenth century, as well as the works performed in 1986-1990, including the dysfunctions caused by their suspension / abandonment.
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21 Oct Improving existing connections between the highway Bucharest – Constanta and Bucharest / Imbunatatirea conexiunilor actuale dintre autostrada Bucuresti – Constanta si Mun. Bucuresti

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2012
Bucharest has developed without a systematic plan as results from general plan since 1870. Emergence of major streets by aligning and grouping of buildings was made after 1900. This presents a particular problem at present in all cases it is necessary to make some connections and development to increase traffic capacity due to high volume of decommissioning required.
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