– Classification of themes – All

21 Oct Smart Infrastructure: The Future

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2012
In October 2011, The Royal Academy of Engineering held a roundtable meeting to investigate the use and meaning of 'smart' and 'smart infrastructure'. This report provides a summary of what was discussed. A working definition of 'smartness' was agreed, applications of smartness that have benefited different industries were identified and discussion held on whether there were principles that could be shared between sectors. Potential barriers to a smarter future were also examined.
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21 Oct The future of computing: indispensable or unsustainable?

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2012
This report is a summary of proceedings of a meeting organised by The Royal Academy of Engineering in December 2011. The meeting was attended by Fellows, representatives of industry, government and other relevant organisations.
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21 Oct Innovativeness, creativity and development

Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN)
2012
The book is a result of studies by the "Poland 2000 Plus" Forecast Committee PAS on innovativeness, creativity and development in the context of globalisation. Part I of the book dwells on questions of innovativeness and creativity. Subsequent articles (chapters) highlight the need for precisely discerning between ground-breaking and daily innovations and for focusing on individual and social creativity rather than on innovativeness in holistic sense. Part II of the book focuses on interdisciplinary evaluation of the development of the contemporary world in the context of globalisation.
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21 Oct e-Business Mobile Communications Platform / Platforma de Comunicatii Mobile e-Business

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2012
In this paper, a client-server platform for a stock market exchange service is presented. The electronic content provider for the service is the Romanian Bucharest Stock Exchange.
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21 Oct Towards the European SuperGrid by Direct Current Transmission Link (HVDC) / Către superreţeua europeană prin legături de transport la tensiune continuă (HVDC)

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2014
The paper deals with high opportunity to realize HVDC transmission links, of great capacity and with high lenghts, with two, three or multiterminals, in submarine / underground cable or overhead lines, by using advanced technologies based on power electronics. Technical and economic aspects are presented.
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21 Oct Cloud Computing

Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW)
2014
Die Veränderungen der Informationstechnologie durch Cloud Computing (CC) birgt ein grosses Potenzial für Innovationen und Effizienzsteigerungen in sich. Diese sollen in allen Sektoren der Schweizer Volkswirtschaft bestmöglich genutzt werden. Entsprechend hat die SATW-Themenplattform ICT im April 2012 einen Workshop unter Experten zum Thema CC durchgeführt. Als Resultat wurde ein White Paper aus der Perspektive der Schweiz mit einer Situationsanalyse, Fokusthemen und einem Aktionsplan zum Thema Education Cloud erstellt. Die Studie soll Chancen und Defizite aufdecken, um sicherzustellen, dass die Schweiz eine führende Rolle in der Thematik übernehmen wird.
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21 Oct Internet Privacy. Options for adequate realisation

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2013
A thorough multidisciplinary analysis of various perspectives on internet privacy was published as the first volume of a study, revealing the results of the acatech project “Internet Privacy – A Culture of Privacy and Trust on the Internet.” The second publication from this project presents integrated, interdisciplinary options for improving privacy on the Internet utilising a normative, value-oriented approach. The ways in which privacy promotes and preconditions fundamental societal values and how privacy violations endanger the flourishing of said values are exemplified. The conditions which must be fulfilled in order to achieve a culture of privacy and trust on the Internet are illuminated. This volume presents options for policy-makers, educators, businesses and technology experts how to facilitate solutions for more privacy on the internet and identifies further research requirements in this area.
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21 Oct Internet Privacy. Taking opportunities, assessing risks, building trust

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2013
Few technologies have changed our lives as rapidly and profoundly as the Internet. There are now more than 1.5 billion Web users around the world, with at least 50 million in Germany. Internet users enjoy easy access to information and are able to shop online and communicate with each other via free video calls. The Internet is spawning new business models, creating new jobs and transforming business processes both within and between companies and public administrations. It also provides the infrastructure for the smart power grids that will be needed to realise the transition to sustainable energy. Cyber-Physical Systems controlled via the Web will facilitate efficient use of manufacturing resources and energy in the factories of the future.
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21 Oct Smart Service Welt Recommendations for the Strategic Initiative Web-based Services for Business

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2014
Information and communication technology has become an integral part of our industry and society as a whole. Digitally enabled products, processes and services are increasingly being combined in innovative ways to create on-demand, personalised Smart Services that meet the needs of individual consumers. These new services and business models make use of the growing volume of data that is being captured every day in all areas of our private and working lives. The disruptive impact of Smart Services is already being keenly felt in the retail trade, for example in online marketplaces. However, the changes are also affecting the traditional business models of Germany’s flagship industries, such as the automotive, mechanical engineering, chemicals, electrical engineering, medical technology, logistics and energy technology industries, not to mention the rest of the economy. These industries are already benefiting from the support of Webbased services. In the not too distant future, however, the business models of suppliers, manufacturers and operators alike will be faced with a genuine revolution as a result of being systematically digitised, analysed, augmented with Smart Products and Services and networked with each other.
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21 Oct Resilien-Tech. “Resilience by Design”: a strategy for the technology issues of the future”

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2014
The digital networks that characterise today’s world, together with the demographic change occurring in Germany and the growing frequency of extreme events are resulting in the emergence of new threats that are increasing the vulnerability of our modern industrialised society. Combined with the continual diversification of safety and security risks, this means that disasters are capable of causing ever more serious harm. In order to continue protecting people and infrastructure against future environmental, economic and social damage, it will be necessary to firmly embed preventive measures in our society and ensure that the right lessons are learned from the past. The concept of resilience provides a holistic approach to this problem that attaches equal importance to the technological and social dimensions and helps to minimise the threats to our safety and security. Accordingly, acatech – National Academy of Science and Engineering launched the “Resilien-Tech” project with the aim of improving our understanding of this concept and enabling security researchers to put it to practical use.The authors of this STUDY analyse the concept of resilience from a civil security research perspective, with particular emphasis on the issue of critical infrastructure protection. They also identify concrete approaches to developing resilient technological and socioeconomic systems.
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