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in - Classification of publications - All
, - Classification of themes - All
, Academy’s advice and position paper
, Demography, Education, Training, Employment
, Energy and Climate Change
, Information and Communication Technologies
, Mobility and Transportation
, Research, Technologies, Innovation and Employment
, Society and Technology
, Technologies and Development for Developing Countries
, Technologies and Health
, Urbanism and Housing
National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
Editions Le Manuscrit 2012
Energy procurement/uses, influenced by oil prices and climate change, may differ in different countries. These influences continue but time-scales change (e.g. for peak oil and gas). The Fukushima accident has shaken confidence into nuclear power.
This Report proposes a robust methodology for making relevant economic and ecological choices related to energy transition. Focussing on the French situation, it deals with Energy Vectors: the support system delivering energy ready to use (electricity, petrol, gas, or heat, etc.) to consumers; the intermediary stage of vectors between sources (coal, gas, U, wind, hydro) and demand of final energy (for transport, heating, industrial processes, etc.).
While end-consumers may not be aware of the source for the final energy, distinguishing between them would allow economic and ecological competition (when C02 emissions carry a price-tag).
This report throws new light on the political decisions that must be taken and provides guidelines with a long-range relevance.