– Classification of publications – All

21 Oct Shaping Technology Together – Early public involvement based on the example of artificial fotosynthesis (Short Version)

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2016
Artificial fotosynthesis is a visionary technology that follows the example of plants in using sunlight to produce energy-rich hydrocarbons or other forms of energy. acatech discussed the opportunities and risks of artificial fotosynthesis with sections of the public at an early research stage. Interested members of the public were able to help shape utilisation of the technology and incorporate their ideals, ideas and concerns in its further development. Dialogue based on technology futures proved successful, but there is no perfect solution for public involvement.
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21 Oct Innovation potential of human-machine interaction (Short Version)

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2016
Kaum eine technologische Entwicklung verändert aktuell unser Leben, Arbeiten und Denken so sehr wie die Digitalisierung. Das erkennen wir an den Maschinen und Geräten, die innerhalb von wenigen Jahren zu unseren selbstverständlichen Begleitern geworden sind. Über Smartphones halten wir unabhängig von Ort und Zeit zueinander Kontakt, intelligente Assistenzsysteme versorgen uns maßgeschneidert mit Informationen und Roboter entlasten uns am Arbeitsplatz und zunehmend auch im Haushalt. Gleichwohl stehen wir heute erst am Anfang dieser Entwicklung, die zu einer grundlegenden Transformation unseres Verhältnisses zu den uns umgebenden Maschinen führen wird. Im Mittelpunkt dieser Entwicklung muss dabei der Nutzen der Maschinen für den Menschen und die Gesellschaft stehen. Der acatech IMPULS fasst die wichtigsten wissenschaftlichen, wirtschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Trends der Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion zusammen und gibt einen Überblick über die damit verbundenen Innovationspotenziale und Herausforderungen.
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21 Oct Engineering Power – Vol. 12(1) 2017

Croatian Academy of Engineering (HATZ)
2017
Vol. 12(1) 2017 - 20 pages - English Food producers are meeting numerous challenges nowadays, starting from increasing world population, eating habits, climatic changes, use of agricultural products in energy production, migration, increasing energy costs etc. Along with all these challenges and limited resources, food producers are obliged to produce sufficient quantities of safe and high quality food for the increasing world population. On the other hand, food industry generates large quantities of by-products that represent a large environmental problem, solved in most cases through landfills, composting, or animal feed. A large quantity of contemporary research deals with this issue and the top subject of many documents is the utilization of food industry by-products as potential raw materials for food. The reasons for this include the fact that many by-products contain a variety of nutrients, making them valuable as raw materials in the production and development of new products, among other reasons such as increasing food prices, large quantities of generated by-products, increasing cost of waste management, and increasing environmental concerns. Maintaining the quality of a product requires constant generation of certain quantities of by-products. These quantities are constantly growing, as the result of the increasing food production. The application of food industry by-products in food production results in various changes in products, depending on both the properties of the by-product, which includes the mode of application, and production conditions. To develop a product with desirable organoleptic characteristics, one has to know the properties of the raw materials and processes, and how to adjust recipes and introduce new technologies and/or processes, in order to obtain products as similar to the original as possible. During the realization of the project Application of Food Industry By-products in the Development of Functional and Environmentally Friendly Extruded Food Products and Additives (funded by the Croatian Science Foundation), we used raw materials and technologies that enabled us to develop products with increased nutritional value and desirable organoleptic characteristics. ”Green” technologies (supercritical CO2 extraction, extrusion with supercritical CO2) were used in by-product preparation and product finalization in order to obtain safe, high quality products and modified half-products that may be used in food production.
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21 Oct Engineering Power – Vol. 12 (2) 2017

Croatian Academy of Engineering (HATZ)
2017
Vol. 12(2) 2017 - 20 pages - English Biomedical engineering is an interdisciplinary field combining knowledge of engineering (electrical engineering, computer science, information and communication technology, physics, chemistry ...), biology and medicine. The development of medical science, health service organisation and health care at the turn of this century is closely and inseparably linked to the development of electronic, computer, information and communication technologies. Electrical equipment and accessories are an integral part of almost every medical examination/intervention, and computer and information and communication systems are now an inseparable part of everyday life. Electroencephalography (EEG) is one of the basic neurophysiological methods of registration of the brain bioelectric activity. It was first mentioned in the thirties of the last century in the works of neuropsychiatrist Hans Berger. He was recording, using sensitive galvanometer, the first signals that belong to the alpha frequency range, according to today’s classification. EEG as a diagnostic method begins routinely carried out with the first commercially available electroencephalograph in the fifties of the last century. Here we must point out Professor Ante Šantić who already in 1957, as an employee of the Institute of Electrical Engineering in Zagreb, designed and commercialised 12 channel electroencephalograph, the first in South-eastern/Central Europe. Upon arrival at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Zagreb, in 1972 he founded the Laboratory for Biomedical Electronics and starts lecturing on Biomedical Electronics, for which he wrote the textbook of the same name, and thus lays the foundation of biomedical engineering in Croatia. Technological progress made it possible to process electroencephalographic signals on the digital computer. Already in the beginning of the seventies, it was carried out on the PDP-8 computer by Prof. Stanko Tonković, PhD, Dipl Eng, an employee of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering in Zagreb, and Velimir Išgum, PhD, Dipl Eng, an employee of the Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb. Velimir Išgum, PhD, continues his career in the Department of Neurology, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, where he participated in the founding of the Laboratory of evoked potentials. Additionally, he founded the Laboratory for Cognitive and Experimental Neurophysiology. Several papers listed thereafter represent a continuation of research that started in these laboratories. Initiation and development of this inter- and multi-disciplinary area would be impossible without the support and active participation of medical doctors. This high quality and fruitful collaboration took place to this day, which is directly visible in the presented papers. The following papers presented some of the current research projects in the field of neurophysiology that uses measurement, processing and analysis of the electroencephalographic signals. The first paper presents several modalities for brain-computer interface (BCI), very actively investigated area in the last years. The following paper deals with the application of invasive EEG monitoring in the surgical treatment of patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. The third document describes the use of the evoked potentials in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. The fourth paper describes the diagnostic value of vibration evoked potentials, while the fifth one deals with auditory evoked potentials with a focus on the used stimuli and paradigms.
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