– Classification of publications – All

21 Oct ICT for the UK’s Future: the implications of the changing nature of Information and Communications Technology

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2009
This study aims to consider the importance of the IT base for the UK economy, examine the present and projected state of UK IT-related business activity in a global context and identify potential opportunities for improvement.  The report makes several recommendations including enhancing the UK’s IT infrastructure; recognising and addressing critical gaps in IT capability; and exploiting UK leadership in key technology areas. In terms of infrastructure, the report concludes that 100% broadband availability is required. In the area of IT capability our workforce skills must be extended to promote full computer literacy in our schools, enterprise and public sector.  Action is also required to ensure better awareness in boardrooms of the potential and the pitfalls of business change facilitated by new IT systems. In the area of research, development and innovation, it is essential to ensure UK universities and businesses effectively partner.
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21 Oct The ICTs contribution to transports sustainability

Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI)
2009
Engineering, innovation and sustainability. Transports and sustainability. Mobility: sign of progress? Between conventional and new work systems. Challenges in remote education: the advanced systems. Towards an intelligent network of public urban transport. The future transport of goods in action. Vehicle and systems based on ICT (Information and Communication Technologies). The quick way towards new transport structures. Mobility management for a sustainable and safe transport.
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21 Oct Life expectancy for digital data storage

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2010
Our society generates an ever growing mass of information which raises a serious concern over its efficient, long-term storage and archiving (these are two distinctive notions!). The material used for the digital support and hard discs have a limited lifetime of roughly 5 to 10 years. The life expectancy of recordable optical digital discs (RODDs) seems better but, still, appears also limited to about 10 years. Besides the detailed analysis of technical aspects of various available storage and archiving technologies, the report concentrates on possible data conservation strategies. It also suggests certain approaches that could lead to RODDs with notably better life expectancies. A set of 4 recommendations is issued at the end of the report.
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21 Oct European Perspectives on Security Research

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2011
Europe’s networked societies of today are shaped by a growing interconnection in almost all areas of life. The complexity of our infrastructures and the concurrent accessibility to means of destruction by terrorist groups and individual perpetrators call for innovative security solutions. However, such evolving innovations inevitably raise fundamental questions of concern in our societies. How do we balance the imperatives of securing our citizens and infrastructures on the one hand, and of protecting of our sacredly held civil liberties on the other? The topical network ‘Safety and Security’ of acatech – the German Academy of Science and Engineering – invited experts from the science academies of various European countries to share their perspectives on security research and the aspect of safety during a two-day workshop hosted by the Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics, Ernst-Mach-Institut in March 2010. The result is an overview of various security research programmes in Europe with the aim of revealing both common ground and major differences in security/risk perceptions, cultures and political practices within Europe. This publication is a compilation of contributions made during the workshop.
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21 Oct Internet of Services

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2011
Simplifying the access to information on the Internet as the basis for the development of new services constitutes an essential goal of the THESEUS research program, initiated by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, which is scheduled for the period from 2007 to 2012. As part of the “Internet of Services” symposium held on September 14,  2010, acatech, the German Academy of Science and Engineering, brought together experts from science and industry who discussed the interim findings of the research program as well as their possible implementation in innovative applications for Germany as a location for business and industry. With this symposium, acatech wants to make clear that the Internet of Services will be one of the pivotal components of the Internet of the future.
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21 Oct Nanoelectronics as Future Key Technology of Information and Communication Technology in Germany

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2011
As a basic and key technology, nanoelectronics is of fundamental importance for large areas of industrial production and value creation. Based on Germany’s great tradition and strong position in the field of semi-conductor technology as well as Germany’s strong position in terms of research in nanotechnology and nanoelectronics, the increase in the outsourcing of production locations closer to future target markets in Asia is viewed with considerable concern. The study on hand is to be understood as a recommendation for further action to bring it about that the main players in policy and industry draw the requisite factual and technical conclusions for a concerted action in the areas of industrial policy and research funding.
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21 Oct Aging in Germany Volume 2: Aging, Education and Lifelong Learning

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2010
What is the notion of lifelong learning all about that one has heard so frequently in public discourse in recent years? To find out, the first thing to do is to study the physical, mental and motivational preconditions for learning over the course of one’s life. Against this backdrop, the great significance that education and lifelong learning have for the productivity and health in adulthood and old age will be subsequently discussed. The volume describes the state of the German advanced educational environment and examines the societal, financial and legal framework conditions in comparison to other countries. The objectives of lifelong learning are discussed and the question posed about measurable results of learning and education. The discussion of the concept of competence and competence models highlight the challenges with which the discourse is faced.
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21 Oct Smart Infrastructure: The Future

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2012
In October 2011, The Royal Academy of Engineering held a roundtable meeting to investigate the use and meaning of 'smart' and 'smart infrastructure'. This report provides a summary of what was discussed. A working definition of 'smartness' was agreed, applications of smartness that have benefited different industries were identified and discussion held on whether there were principles that could be shared between sectors. Potential barriers to a smarter future were also examined.
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21 Oct The future of computing: indispensable or unsustainable?

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2012
This report is a summary of proceedings of a meeting organised by The Royal Academy of Engineering in December 2011. The meeting was attended by Fellows, representatives of industry, government and other relevant organisations.
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21 Oct Innovativeness, creativity and development

Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN)
2012
The book is a result of studies by the "Poland 2000 Plus" Forecast Committee PAS on innovativeness, creativity and development in the context of globalisation. Part I of the book dwells on questions of innovativeness and creativity. Subsequent articles (chapters) highlight the need for precisely discerning between ground-breaking and daily innovations and for focusing on individual and social creativity rather than on innovativeness in holistic sense. Part II of the book focuses on interdisciplinary evaluation of the development of the contemporary world in the context of globalisation.
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