– Classification of publications – All

18 Oct Reform of the Water Sector in Ireland – Response to Consultation on the establishment of a Public Water Utility

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2012
In response to the Department of the Environment Community and Local Government’s request for views on their Water Services Reform, Phase 1, Report and Position Paper (Jan. 2012) the IAE and Engineers Ireland on 24th February 2012 issued them with their joint “Response to Consultation on the establishment of a Public Water Utility, (i.e. Irish Water) The IAE and Engineers Ireland welcomed the Position Paper and called for a robust and transparent funding model which includes for the substantial legacy issues on the Local Authorities’ books. The importance of the early and on-going conduct of Regulatory Impact Assessments and Risk Analyses is recommended using the knowledge of the sector and its key issues, resident in existing practitioners. It is also recommended that legacy liabilities are met from the Exchequer, rather than recovery through higher water charges, burdening customers and impacting negatively on national competitiveness.
Read More

18 Oct Planet Earth – Living Planet. On a science of the whole Earth / Planeta Pamant – Planeta Vie. Asupra unei stiinte a intregului Pamant

Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences (ASTR)
2012
Among the first holistic approaches to Earth system , seen as a cybernetic system (with feedback loop and specific feed before homeostasis in preserving a relationship alive, not alive), a real bioreactor able to allow the birth and preservation of life.
Read More

18 Oct Circular economy – improving the management of natural resources

Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW)
2014
This brochure gives an insight into the current implementation of Circular Economy at national level by presenting three country case studies and their different approaches to achieving the same goal of a more sustainable planet. China, besides being a huge economy, has the political power for a top-down approach to shape a completely restructured industrial and social system. Germany on the other hand is subject to external constraints in the form of EU directives along with national, regional and local demands. Finally Switzerland adopts a step-by-step approach based on finding solutions through the involvement of all stakeholders. In the section Analysis and Comparison, the three countries are investigated according to a number of indicators and consideration is given to the kind of indicators that could serve for a meaningful annual audit of countries’ Circular Economy performance. In the concluding section we give recommendations for possible future actions to take relevant steps towards the vision of a Circular Economy.
Read More

18 Oct Shale gas extraction in the UK: a review of hydraulic fracturing

Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng)
2012
A review of hydraulic fracturing -An independent review of the scientific and engineering evidence relating to the technical aspects of the risks associated with hydraulic fracturing to inform government policymaking about shale gas extraction in the UK. A report produced by the Royal Society and the Royal Academy of Engineering.
Read More

18 Oct Soil – A Geological Resource, Economic Driver and Ecosystem Service Provider: recommendations for pooling scientific expertise in soil and land management

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2014
Soil is fundamental to human existence. It forms the uppermost layer of the Earth’s crust, supporting life and comprising a base of mineral and organic materials together with water, air and living organisms. The soil is where the lithosphere (our planet’s crust and upper mantle) meets the atmosphere (air), hydrosphere (water) and biosphere (flora and fauna). Its position at the interface between these four environmental compartments makes soil a highly sensitive and complex system. The rate at which new soil can be created is limited, meaning that soil loss is often irreversible. Even in the best-case scenario, when land is misused or degraded it can take decades or even centuries to restore soil to a state where it performs its full range of functions. Because the amount of land is finite it is no longer sustainable to consider that new soil may be brought into cultivation, e.g. by clearing forested lands. Arable land is, thus, a finite resource that should be used responsibly.
Read More

18 Oct Georesource Water – The Challenge of Global Change. Approaches and requirements for an integrated management of water resources in Germany

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2012
Freshwater (from now on simply referred to as “water”) is a precious good. It is one of the essential georesources. The most obvious uses of water properly occur in private households: we do the laundry and dishes; we cook, drink and water the plants. The largest share of water is, however, used by agriculture and industry. In particular, considerable amounts of water are used for power plant cooling in energy production. Groundwater accounts for about one third (30.1 percent) of global water resources, while only a small share is contained in lakes (0.26 percent), wetlands (0.03 percent) and rivers (0.006 percent). A much higher portion is trapped in ice and snow and is thus barely available for utilisation.
Read More

18 Oct Marine Transport in High North

Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences (NTVA)
2011
High North is Norwegian Government’s most important strategic foreign policy priority. Experts gave talks that reflected the current knowledge on the subject, viewed from scientific, technological and juridical understanding.
Read More

18 Oct Electricity Demand and Supply in the Republic – Information Bulletin 2

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2014
Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE) - 2014 Initial Response to Energy Green Paper (2014) - Bulletin 2 of 4 on Key Policy Issues/Matters Arising.
Read More

18 Oct Energy, technology and climate – Challenges and Opportunities for Action

Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences (NTVA)
2016
Background and summary: In the summer of 2014 14 authors, many members of the Academy, began writing a textbook on energy production, technology and climate challenges. NTVA president Eivind Hiis Hauge was the leader of the editorial staff. The book marked the 60th anniversary of the Academy's founding in Trondheim. It consists of 11 chapters, in which the authors address energy-related problems based on expertise in their own professional fields. Their challenge was to be concise, preferably with sharp conclusions and recommendations to decision-makers.  The authors are themselves responsible for the presentations in and conclusions of their chapters. The book is not a compendium of consensus within the Academy. The book focuses on the technical aspects of the fields of energy and climate. But political guidance is decisive for further developments. Nine chapters on technologies are framed between an introductory chapter and a final chapter slanted toward the social and political sciences. The fields of responsibility covered in the book are complex. Nonetheless there are some principal conclusions:
  • A holistic perspective is essential to achieving goals in the versatile field of energy and climate.
  • It isn’t a lack of fossil resources that will bring the age of fossil fuels to an end.  But a shift away from fossil resources probably will take a long time.
  • A climate-friendly society requires a high degree of electrification.
  • Apparently the Norwegian power grid need not be further developed to meet domestic needs. However, energy surpluses may be used for efficient, less polluting industrial production. By exchanging energy Norway can contribute to reducing emissions from other Nordic countries and from northern Europe.
  • The transport sector has an obvious potential for reducing its emissions. Norway has been a leading country in introducing electric cars. Maintaining this pioneer role requires a balanced, broad development of the incentive structure.
On 21st October, the online version of the leading Norwegian newspaper Aftenposten featured a long review of the book. The newspaper Adresseavisen also published commentary based on the book. Review copies of the book were sents to many members of the Press as well as to Members of Parliament on the Energy and Environment Committee, the Research and Education Committee, and the Committee on Business and Industry. The book also was presented at a Ministry of Climate and Environment meeting. With time the book has become well known. Reader reactions have been very positive. Contact: Lars Thomas Dyrhaug
Read More