– Classification of publications – All

21 Oct Intelligent Objects – Small, Networked, Sensitive

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2009
A new technology is changing society and demands creative innovations. Visions of “intelligent” clothing and “intelligent” houses have been under discussion for quite a while now. In the meantime, the technology—perhaps not widely noticed—has achieved a new quality, however. The change does not only affect Germany’s economic future but also our individual living and working worlds. acatech makes recommendations for an economically successful and socially acceptable development in the sector of intelligent objects. Suitable framework conditions should be created so that Germany will be able to exploit the economic potential of this technology without it putting at risk the freedom and autonomy of the individual.
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21 Oct Nanoelectronics as Future Key Technology of Information and Communication Technology in Germany

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2011
As a basic and key technology, nanoelectronics is of fundamental importance for large areas of industrial production and value creation. Based on Germany’s great tradition and strong position in the field of semi-conductor technology as well as Germany’s strong position in terms of research in nanotechnology and nanoelectronics, the increase in the outsourcing of production locations closer to future target markets in Asia is viewed with considerable concern. The study on hand is to be understood as a recommendation for further action to bring it about that the main players in policy and industry draw the requisite factual and technical conclusions for a concerted action in the areas of industrial policy and research funding.
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21 Oct Cloud Computing

Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW)
2014
Die Veränderungen der Informationstechnologie durch Cloud Computing (CC) birgt ein grosses Potenzial für Innovationen und Effizienzsteigerungen in sich. Diese sollen in allen Sektoren der Schweizer Volkswirtschaft bestmöglich genutzt werden. Entsprechend hat die SATW-Themenplattform ICT im April 2012 einen Workshop unter Experten zum Thema CC durchgeführt. Als Resultat wurde ein White Paper aus der Perspektive der Schweiz mit einer Situationsanalyse, Fokusthemen und einem Aktionsplan zum Thema Education Cloud erstellt. Die Studie soll Chancen und Defizite aufdecken, um sicherzustellen, dass die Schweiz eine führende Rolle in der Thematik übernehmen wird.
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21 Oct Internet Privacy. Taking opportunities, assessing risks, building trust

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2013
Few technologies have changed our lives as rapidly and profoundly as the Internet. There are now more than 1.5 billion Web users around the world, with at least 50 million in Germany. Internet users enjoy easy access to information and are able to shop online and communicate with each other via free video calls. The Internet is spawning new business models, creating new jobs and transforming business processes both within and between companies and public administrations. It also provides the infrastructure for the smart power grids that will be needed to realise the transition to sustainable energy. Cyber-Physical Systems controlled via the Web will facilitate efficient use of manufacturing resources and energy in the factories of the future.
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21 Oct Future Business Clouds Cloud computing in Germany – requirements, national activities and global competition

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2014
The unabated growth of the Internet is triggering fundamental changes to the world we live in. Advances in information and communication technology are leading to the emergence of a digital service landscape where almost every product or service.
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21 Oct IAE Response to National Broadband Plan

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2015
IAE Response to National Broadband Plan, Ireland’s Broadband Intervention Strategy. Higher capacity speeds, a future proofed network and the state retention of strategic asset (network) recommended.
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21 Oct Impact of ICT on world energy consumption

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2015
How does ICT impact on worldwide energy consumption and greenhouse-gas emissions? This is what NATF went to find out when auditioning French and foreign experts to evaluate the overall energy and environmental balance that is due to the ICT sector, considering the impacts generated by the operation of its various hardware and infrastructure, and the savings it spawns in other areas of activity. The final energy and carbon balance of ICT, the Academy report concludes, is clearly a positive one. In 2012, ICT accounted for 4.7% of worldwide electricity consumption, and a total carbon footprint of about 1.7 percent (including private, industry and telecom hardware and infrastructure and data centres). These numbers are on an upwards trend, but in smaller proportions than the growing use of ICT, thanks to its contribution to reduce these footprints in other areas of activities such as in the transport sector, buildings, manufacturing industries, or even dematerialised procedures. The report focuses on the (global) transport/mobility sector benefitting from digitisation in and around vehicles, with gradually reduced/optimised travel needs (example United States).  It also lists current lines of research aimed at better performance of computing, with lower energy consumption. Group Leader: Erol Gelenbe, Professor in the Dennis Gabor Chair Imperial College, London, and NATF Fellow and Yves Caseau, Director of the Digital Agency, AXA Group, and NATF Fellow
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21 Oct Big Data: a change of paradigm can hide another – Opportunities and threats related to the emergence of new ecosystems

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2015
Big Data implies a revolution in IT, reaching from technology to applications and practices, enabling the analysis of vast pools of "digital traces" to know customer intentions with unmatched precision. Data manipulation from smartphones and connected objects opens up new service opportunities and significant cost reductions of information systems.  While it is a major issue for sciences, politics and citizens, this report looks at the impact on businesses: mastering these methods permits a new immediacy in customer relationships and may leave enterprises less vulnerable to the GAFAs. Big data is: • a disruptive data-analysis methodology, in particular in marketing, replacing classic approaches by iterative loops in which detected patterns are immediately confronted with situations of implementation and judgement on operational effectiveness. • a new way of massive parallel data-centred programming and of designing algorithms, due to the: - treatment on a myriad of machines, - high-performance requirements and - need to develop algorithms through learning. • a major challenge and paradigm shift for Governments and companies, deserving strong support in terms of training and awareness. Technology and practice play key roles; new ways of working with an extremely wide scope need to be developed. Rapporteur : Yves Caseau, Director Digital Agency, Axa Group, and Fellow of NATF
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21 Oct Large Socio-Technical Systems

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2013
Large, networked Socio-Technical Systems (or LSTSs), often continental or even global in scale, such as railroad-, air traffic-, electric-, and telecommunications systems, and the internet, have modified life-styles and society. Citizens see them as combining sciences and technologies, offering essential value-for-money services. They have common characteristics: expected safe and no-break service quality; co-operation of a myriad of component parts, including agents. Success and vulnerability through complexification (national and European regulations, multiplication for each LSTS of autonomous agents) and inter-dependence (inroads by ICTs, liberalisation) go hand-in-hand. During the past 15 years, the drafting of new regulatory texts that promote sustainable development of the LSTSs, incorporating technical trends while reconciling local aspirations and nation-wide issues, has become increasingly difficult. NATF proposes: 1) An objective analysis of the experience from the last 20 years for each LSTS, covering operations, quality, costs, jobs, risk control, governance and regulation, crises situations/incidents and the degrees of interdependence with other LSTSs. 2) Exploring possible (global) trends for the next two decades including sustainable development. 3) Teach LSTSs to young people early on for a better appreciation, including of S&T and ongoing innovations. These proposals should contribute to better informed decision processes that benefit our children. Yves BAMBERGER (WP Chair and Draft author) – Scientific counsellor to EDF CEO – Fellow of the NATF
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