– Classification of publications – All

18 Oct The Potential of Dual Study Programmes in the STEM Subjects

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2015
Innovation is key to sustainable value creation and employment in Germany. However, even today there is already a shortage of adequately qualified personnel in some innovative industries. As a result of high staff turnover and the anticipated future increase in recruitment levels, a growing shortfall is becoming particularly apparent in the “STEM” field, which incorporates all professions that involve technology, mathematics and the natural sciences. By continuing to strengthen dual study programmes we can help to secure a long-term supply of qualified personnel. Different studies and surveys together with heightened media interest all point to the fact that this blend of vocational training and academic education has become extremely popular in recent years.
Read More

18 Oct IAE Response to DJEI Action Plan for Jobs (APJ) 2016

Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE)
2015
Irish Academy of Engineering - 2015 IAE Response to Dept. of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation Action Plan for Jobs 2016. Specific proposals for the establishment of centres of excellence for research and skills training recommended and improved universities/industry links.
Read More

18 Oct The potential of augmented reality in education

Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW)
2015
Im September 2014 trafen sich Fachleute unterschiedlicher Fachbereiche wie Vermittlung, Pädagogik, Technik, Kunst, Design und Kulturwissenschaften zu einem SATW-Workshop, organisiert von der Pädagogischen Hochschule der FHNW. Sie beschäftigten sich mit der Aufgabe, Nutzen und Herausforderungen von Augmented Reality für die Bildung herauszuarbeiten. Als Resultat des Workshops ist diese Broschüre entstanden. Sie informiert darüber, was unter Augmented Reality zu verstehen ist, welche Rolle die Technologie in der schulischen und musealen Vermittlungstätigkeit einnehmen kann, und stellt schliesslich konkrete Umsetzungen aus dem Schul- und Museumsbereich vor, die in der Schweiz realisiert wurden.
Read More

18 Oct Hans Werthén – One of Sweden’s most prominent industrialists

Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering (IVA)
2015
A pamphlet produced by the Hans Werthén Fund at IVA, 2015, 16 pp.
Read More

18 Oct Socialisation in Early Childhood – Biological, psychological, linguistic, sociological and economic perspectives

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2014
Creating conditions that best foster the development of each individual’s potential to the fullest is a fundamental socio-political objective. Not least because this approach ensures that a society as a whole is best able to achieve its own potential. Debating the details of these conditions is a matter of societal, political, as well as scientific debates. One recurrent topic of public discussions has been the role of genetic influences and the significance of the environment in early stages of human development. Another issue moving to the center of attention of German politics and society in recent years has been the question of childcare and early education. This position statement brings together extensive research on early childhood from multiple disciplines, condensing it into an intelligible form and highlighting the conclusions that may be drawn from it. Taking this body of interdisciplinary research as a starting-point, this position statement outlines socialisation in early childhood and confirms the immense significance of this period and the developments completed within it for later life, while vividly illustrating interactions between genetic predispositions and environmental experience.
Read More

18 Oct Government Debt: Causes, Effects and Limits

National Academy of Science and Engineering (acatech)
2015
Seit der schweren Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise 2007/2008, der Verankerung der Schuldenbremse im Grundgesetz der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2009 und der Schuldenkrise einiger Eurostaaten seit 2010 wird das schon lange virulente Streitthema „Staatsschulden“ in der öffentlichen Debatte noch intensiver diskutiert. Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler, die mehrheitlich der Nationalen Akademie der Wissenschaften Leopoldina, acatech – Deutsche Akademie der Technikwissenschaften und den in der Akademienunion zusammengeschlossenen Wissenschaftsakademien angehören, geben darin Antworten auf grundsätzliche Fragen der Staatsverschuldung. Sie wollen damit zur Versachlichung der oft auch emotional geführten Diskussion beitragen. Die Argumente und Standpunkte, die in den Medien, von politischen Entscheidungsträgern und auch von Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern zum Thema Staatsschulden vertreten werden, sind ebenso kontrovers wie vielfältig. Besonders in Deutschland ist die Diskussion aufgrund der Erfahrung zweier großer Inflationen in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts auch von der Befürchtung geprägt, dass hohe Staatsschulden letztlich wieder zu einer großen Inflation führen. Die interdisziplinäre Arbeitsgruppe unter der Leitung von Prof. Dr. Carl-Ludwig Holtfrerich (Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften) strukturiert in ihrer Analyse die Debatte und konzentriert sich in ihrer Untersuchung auf die Bestimmungsfaktoren, die Wirkungen und – bei Gewährleistung der Nachhaltigkeit der Staatsfinanzen – auch auf die Einsatzbereiche der Staatsverschuldung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Dabei werden internationale Einflüsse und Abhängigkeiten sowie internationale Erfahrungen mitberücksichtigt.
Read More

18 Oct Innovation System of Slovenia SLO (150 pages) SLO (and part of it ENG)

Engineering Academy of Slovenia (IAS)
2015
Publication of the conference with the same name organised by the Slovenian Academy of Engineering. The publication includes statements on the innovation systems in Slovenia, the Euro-CASE policy paper on European Innovation Policy, presentations of speakers at the conference and the yearly Analysis of Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovations of Slovenia.
Read More

18 Oct Innovative system of Slovenia (252 pages) SLO

Engineering Academy of Slovenia (IAS)
2016
Following one of the main projects if IAS, IAS has made and published the Analysis of Sustainable Development of Slovenia, Analysis of Educational System in Slovenia, Analysis of Research, Development and innovative achievements of Slovenia. It includes recommendations for improvement on these topics.
Read More

18 Oct Statements on Technical Education in Slovenia (5 pages) SLO

Engineering Academy of Slovenia (IAS)
2016
Statements and recommendations on technical education in Slovenia from high school to university education is a product of the IAS working group for education. The statements were designed through the process of 2 thematic evenings and a final round table with IAS members and other experts, non-members of the Academy.
Read More

18 Oct Biotechnologies, tomorrow

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)
2010
It is generally recognized that biotechnologies will be one of the major basis for the 21st century sustainable development. This report proposes six priorities in France integrating industrial and agricultural activities. 1. Application of biotechnologies should extend beyond traditional medication and health issues. 2. France should drive to become a champion of ecological intensive agriculture. 3. Chemistry and energy: meet the challenge of an increased use of biomass. 4. Drugs, medication and health: support biotechnology industry and emerging and innovative entrepreneurship. 5. Microbiology: encourage French research in meta-genomics, a new branch of genomics applied to complex microbial systems. 6. Restructure dispersed today research system for a better international visibility and competitivity.
Read More