Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng) 2020Authors: National Engineering Policy Centre (see report for working group members and contributors) In this briefing the National Engineering Policy Centre (NEPC) calls for an economic recovery that pivots the UK towards a net-zero future, rather than one that locks us into a high-carbon future. It offers five foundations, accompanied by actions that the government, engineering community and others could take, which will secure a low-carbon and resilient recovery.
Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI) 2020The title: Exploring the icy moons of giant planets The date of publication: 26th October 2020 Authors: Juan Ramón Sanmartín Losada Main themes: White Paper Nature of publication: Closing of the academic year Report availability (link, paper version...): Link, paper. The closing lecture is based on a White Paper, Bare-Tether Missions Paradigm for Exploration of OceanWorlds in Plumes of Icy Moons Enceladus, Europa, and Triton which he had submitted, with the unique Topic, OceanWorlds, to the Decadal Survey on Planetary Science and Astrobiology 2023 -2032 From NASA and the National Science Foundation http://www.raing.es/es/publicaciones/lecciones-inaugurales/exploraci-n-de-lunas-heladas-de-los-planetas-gigantes
Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) 2020
A report delivered by a team of scientists, working under the supervision of Prof. Jerzy Duszyński, president of the Academy, presents the current state of knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 virus, COVID-19 disease and its medical, psychological, economic and social impacts. In an accessible manner, this document provides forecasts of the COVID-19 epidemic for the upcoming winter season and recommendations for citizens and institutions. The publication includes information about the course of the disease and treatment, phases of pandemic development and its implications for human health. The study provides verified information on prevention and presents current works on coronavirus vaccines. Among other topics covered are preparations for a winter COVID-19 peak, including the opening of educational institutions, and the risk of co-infection.
Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE) 2020The Irish Government has published the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP 2021–2030) which sets out targets for reducing Ireland’s Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions over the next decade. The plan aims to increase the penetration of renewable electricity generation to 70% by 2030 by incentivising the construction of up to 9.2GW of new renewable energy projects. This amounts to approximately 80% of all current generation capacity in the country. This paper is the first of a series to be produced by the Irish Academy of Engineering examining various hurdles that must be overcome if such a transition is to be successfully accomplished over the next decade. These hurdles include among others: • Large scale investment in new transmission capacity in order to efficiently connect the new generation to the existing transmission system (National Grid). • Measures to ensure short-term system stability given the likely connection of large amounts of non-synchronous generation. • Measures to manage the intermittency inherent in new renewable technologies. • Electrical interconnection to other jurisdictions and the market issues associated with the potential large-scale import and export of electricity. In this paper the IAE focuses on the first item on the above list and seeks to set out the issues – initially from a European perspective. The Academy has raised ten questions in the final summary which it believes require urgent consideration if the NECP targets are to be achieved. Principal among these is the social acceptability of transmission investment among the community at large. Based on European experience, the Academy suggests that the Government must take direct ownership of this issue.
Real Academia de Ingenieria (Spain) (RAI) 2020On 30 September 2020, Mr Ricardo Hausmann, academician of the RAI and Professor with a Chair in International Economic Policy Rafik Hariri Growth Lab. Harvard University, gave an online master lecture on "Global Political Economics in times of COVID-19. Rebound or collapse". http://www.raing.es/es/actividades/conferencia-magistral-la-econom-pol-tica-mundial-ante-el-covid-19-rebrote-o-colapso
Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng) 2020Authors: Professor John McDermid OBE FREng, Dr Philip Garnett, Professor Simon Burton, Dr Rob Weaver An initial framework for understanding and improving the safety of complex, interconnected systems in a rapidly changing and uncertain world.
Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng) 2020Authors: National Engineering Policy Centre An engineering perspective on supply chains offering an opportunity to consider wider systemic challenges alongside sector-specific challenges.