Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering (IVA) 2019Digitalisation as a phenomenon is creating a profound change in society both in Sweden and globally. IVA believes that a broad and insightful discussion is needed on the changes that digitalisation enables, as Sweden's future prosperity will depend on society's ability to take advantage of the power in development and renewal that digitalisation bring. IVA's project Digitalisation for increased competitiveness wants to contribute to such a discussion. The following areas are in focus: digital infrastructure, security, skills, privacy and the initiatives and forms of collaboration that are needed to strengthen the international competitiveness of Sweden as a nation as well as Swedish industry. IVA concludes, among other things, that privacy needs to be discussed in a more nuanced and structured way depending on who is using the personal data and for what, and that the responsibility for digital infrastructure today is following a layered model with complex interactions between different actors. In addition, IVA considers that the responsibility for digitalisation issues at central-political level needs to be reorganised. The establishment of a coordination office within the Government Office is proposed. The coordination office should have financial resources and a mandate to pursue governance and coordination issues. The report is available in Swedish.
Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering (IVA) 2019The corona crisis has had a serious impact on Sweden. The pandemic has forced a shift in political and economic focus to support the most vulnerable. To deal with the immediate effects of the crisis, major public financial investments have therefore been made, both in Sweden and in the rest of Europe. At the same time, the need to transition to a competitive and climate-neutral society remain. The challenge is to maintain the long-term investments needed for Sweden and Europe to achieve the climate targets set, while at the same time making efforts to bring Sweden and Europe out of the pandemic. IVA's Sustainable New Start for Sweden project aims to point out important measures to get the Swedish economy moving again - without losing focus on long-term sustainability goals. Here, IVA's nine recommended actions are presented. The recommendations are based on analyses and suggestions from other IVA projects. Among other things, IVA calls for active cooperation within the EU, for the shortcomings in Sweden's electricity supply to be addressed, for the electrification of transport and industry to be accelerated and for public research investments to increase. The report is available in Swedish.
Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW) September 2018Authors: Solange Ghernaouti, Laura Crespo, Bastien Wanner Main themes: cybersecurity Nature of publication: report The publication analyses information sharing practices in the field of cybersecurity. It summarises the context, needs and constraints of information sharing to ensure security, resilience, and the fight against cybercrime.
Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW) August 2018Authors: Hans-Peter Herzig, Rita Hofmann, Claudia Schärer, Peter Seitz Main themes: innovation Nature of publication: study Switzerland regularly comes top of rankings evaluating countries’ innovative capacity. Despite this positive assessment, an increasing number of voices are noting an alarming decline in the innovative capacity of Swiss industry. Where does the truth lie?
Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW) April 2018Authors: Bjarne Steffen, Dominique Hischier, Tobias S. Schmidt Main themes: energy Nature of publication: study Specialists of the Energy Politics Group at ETH Zurich were commissioned by SATW to analyse - for the first time ever - the total energy balance of key forms of power production in Switzerland using standardised methodology. The study examined natural gas, geothermal energy, nuclear power, photovoltaics, coal, hydro power, and wind power and firstly calculated their non-renewable cumulative energy demand required to build and supply a system and for power production. For fossil fuel production processes and nuclear power, this is first and foremost the energy in the relevant fuel (gas, coal, uranium). The second element determined was the energy return on energy investment (EROI), which describes the relationship between the power produced and the (‘grey’) energy invested across a system’s entire life cycle. These key figures were used to assess total energy balance. Hydro power’s total energy balance is outstanding. What is impressive is how much it outstrips other forms of power production in terms of its energy return on energy investment.
Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW) August 2017Authors: Alessandra Hool, Hans-Jörg Althaus, Christian Hagelüken, Ernst Lutz, Armin Reller, Patrick Wäger, Bruno Walser, Margarethe Hofmann Main themes: resources, metals Nature of publication: workshop results The term “critical raw materials” refers to raw materials (and in particularly metals) defined by the European Union as being urgently needed for this business location in the future but presenting, due to their unsecure supply, risks for the European economy – this affects Rare Earth Elements as well as other elements such as indium, cobalt, tungsten and many more. Participants from research, industry, medium-sized companies, associations, and politics came together in a workshop to discuss ways in which Switzerland could respond to the threat of supply bottlenecks for critical raw materials. They identified obstacles preventing the topic from being suitably prioritised by companies, attributed involved key stakeholders, and discussed ways of establishing greater transparency in the field of critical raw materials. The greatest challenge was identified as being not a lack of data, but rather an unclear and dispersed flow of information, few opportunities for companies to individually gather information, and a lack of knowledge on strategies for handling raw materials limitations. The greatest challenge facing Switzerland and Europe is to increase awareness of the issues surrounding secure supply of raw materials. The short brochure offers an overview of the topic, focusing on Switzerland in particular, and provides recommendations.
Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW) May 2017Authors: Claudia Schärer et al. Main themes: early identification, technology Nature of publication: study One of SATW’s key missions is early identification of new, possibly disruptive technologies that will become relevant for Switzerland’s economy and society in the next three to five years. Every two years, the SATW therefore publishes the Technology Outlook. The current report presents 31 technologies drawn from the fields most relevant to the Swiss economy .
Royal Academy of Engineering (UK) (RAEng) 2017This report, commissioned by the Royal Academy of Engineering, explores the ways schools can create better and more engaging learning opportunities for would-be engineers.